新疆风采18选7走势图

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教你十招教日光温室蔬菜应对冬季严寒雨雪天气方法

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教你十招教日光温室蔬菜应对冬季严寒雨雪天气方法

发布日期:2018-06-04 作者: 点击:

近几年,持续低温、雨雪寡照等灾害性天气呈多发的趋势,给日光温室蔬菜生产和供应造成了较大损失和严重影响。为将灾害降低到最低程度,增强对冬季严寒雨雪天气的应对能力,防患于为然,以提高日光温室蔬菜的稳定生产水平为目的,特提出以下几点应对措施,以供参考。


1RIGUANGWENSHIDEJIANZAO


新疆风采18选7走势图YINGEDIJINGWEIDUJIZIRANQIHOU、RIZHAOSHISHUBUTONG,RIGUANGWENSHIJIANZAOSHIDEKUANGJIABILIJIJIAODU、FANGXIANGDOUYAOYUBENDIHUANJINGQIHOUXIANGSHIYI。DANSHIBULUNCAIYONGSHENMEJIEGOU,QIGUJIADEHEZAILIANGBIXUNENGGOU CHENGSHOUDANGDIZUIDAFENGSU、ZUIDAJIANGXUELIANG、BUTOUMINGFUGAIWU(CAOSHAN、BAOWENBEI)LINSHIDEZHONGLIANGHEZUOWUDIAOMANDEHEZAI,YIJISHIYONGJUANLIANJIHOUDEYALIDENG。ZAISHUINIYUZHIJIAN、GANGJIA、ZHUMUHUNHEJIEGOU ZHONG,YINGSHIDANGSUOXIAOLIZHUJIANDEHENGXIANGJIANJU,HELIANPAILIZHU,YIZENGQIANGWENSHIQIANWUMIANDEKANGYALI。ZAIGANGJIAZHUMUHUNHEJIEGOUHEQUANGANGJIAJIEGOUZHONG,YUJUWENSHIQIANYAN3mCHUSHEYIPAIHUODONGLIZHU,BEIXUE TIANSHIYONG,KEXIANZHEZENGQIANGKANGFENGXUENENGLI。


2 ZHANGGUAFANGUANGMO


新疆风采18选7走势图DONGJIZAIJURIGUANGWENSHIZAIPEIQIBEICEHUOKAOHOUQIANGBUWEICHUZHANGGUA1 mZUOYOUKUANDEDULVJINGMIANFANGUANGMO,KESHIJUFANGUANGMO0~3 mNEIDEGUANGZHAODUZENGJIA9%~40%,QIWENZENGJIA1℃~3℃,10 cmDIWENTIGAO0.7℃~1.9℃,NENGDADAGAISHANZAIPEIQIZHONGBEIBUZUOWUDEGUANG、WENTIAOJIAN,YOULIYUKANGYUDIWENGUAZHAOZAIHAI。


3 HELIANPAICHAKOUHEZHONGZHI


WOSHENGZUIDIQIWENDAYUESHI-15℃ZUOYOU,YINGYIDONGCHUNCHA(11YUESHANGXUNDINGZHI,7YUESHANGXUNCAISHOUJIESHU)HEQIUDONGCHA(8YUESHANGXUNDINGZHI,11YUESHANGXUNCAISHOUJIESHU)LIANGCHAGUOCAIWEIZHU;YEKEJINXING YICHAYUEDONGZHANGJIJIEZAIPEI(9YUEZHONGXUNDINGZHI,7YUEZHONGXUNCAISHOUJIESHU)。CAIYONGGAOQIHUOGAOLONGDIMOFUGAIZAIPEI,BINGCAIYONGMOXIAGOUGUANHUODIGUAN。


4 PEIYUYOUZHINAIHANZHUANGMIAO


新疆风采18选7走势图YINGCAIYONGXUEPANHUOYINGYANGBOHUGENYUMIAO,YINGYANGJIZHIYINGSHUSONG、YINGYANGCHONGZU,JIZHIRONGZHONGYIZAI0.8ZUOYOU;GUOCAIBOZHONGHOUYINGFANGZHIZAI25~28℃WENDUXIA,CUQIKUAISUCHUYA;MIAOQIKONGWENBUKONG SHUI;DONGCHUNYUMIAOXUZAIDINGZHIQIAN7~10 dCAIYONGYEJIAN6~8℃、BAITIAN20~22℃DIWENLIANMIAO,XIAQIUYUMIAOFANGZHITUZHANG,SHIDANGSHIYONGZHUANGMIAOJI。


5 MIQIEGUANZHUTIANQIBIANHUAHETIANQIYUBAOBINGJISHICAIQUXIANGYINGCUOSHI


ZAIWENSHIZHONGXUANGUAWENDUJICEWEN,JUTIDEZUOFASHI:100 mZHANGDEWENSHI,XUANGUAWENDUJI5ZHI,MEIGE20 mXUANGUA1ZHI,SHIQIJUNYUNFENBUZAIWENSHINEI,MEIZHIGUAYUWENSHIZHONGBU,BINGQIEYAOGAOYUZHIZHUDINGDUAN20 cmCHU。YAOJIANCHIMEITIANGUANCHASHENGZHANGQINGKUANG,TEBIESHISHENGZHANGDIAN,RUFAXIANSHOUDONG,YINGJISHICAIQUCUOSHI,DUIDAPENGBAOWENZENGWENBINGJINXINGBUGUANG,RUCAIYONGBAICHIDENG、JIASHENUANQI、HUOLUDENGSHEBEI。


6 DAFENGTIANQI,YINGJIAGUYAMOXIAN,JIAQIANGDAFENGFANGFAN


JIANGZHUANYONGYAMOXIANNANDUANGUDINGZAIDIMAOSHANG,BEIDUANKEBANGSHANGSHIKUAIHUOSHADAIGUDINGZAIBEIQIANGWAI,SUISHIDIAOJIEYAMOXIANDESONGJINYALAOPENGMO。YONGPENGMOZHANHEJIHUOTOUMINGJIAODAIJISHIXIUBUPENGMOPOSUNBUWEI,MIBITONG FENGKOUHEMENKOU,FANGZHIQIANGFENGCHUIRU,ZAOCHENGPENGMOGUHUAIHEJIANGDIPENGNEISHIWEN。RUOFENGJIANGPENGMOCHUIDESHANGXIASHANDONGSHI,YINGGEYIDUANJULIFANGXIAYIDUANCAOSHAN,YAZHUPENGMO,BIYAOSHI,ZAIPENGDINGJIPENGJIAOYONGQITAFU ZHUWU,RUMUBANG、ZHUANKUAIDENGYASHI,YIFANGPENGMOBEIFENGXIANQI。

河南温室

7 JIAQIANGCAOSHANDEJIEGAIGUANLI


晴天,草苫要早揭晚盖,尽量延长蔬菜见光时间;阴雪天或连阴天的情况下,应根据外界温度状况,可在上午10时~下午14时左右短时间揭开草苫,河南温室使蔬菜接受 散射光照射,尽量利用散射光来增加棚室温度。连续阴雪天气后骤然转晴,要注意采取间隔、交替揭苫,不能立即全部揭开草苫,以防作物叶片在强光下失水萎蔫。 若发现叶片萎蔫应随即回盖草苫,待植株恢复后再逐步揭苫。为防止揭苫后蔬菜发生萎蔫,也可喷施1~2次叶面肥来补充营养,并可在叶肥中加入预防霜霉菌等真 菌性病害的广谱性杀菌剂,增强植株的抗病和抗寒能力。在中午高温时可短时间放风,风量宜小不宜大,以利于排放出有害气体。


8 JIAQIANGXUETIANFANGFAN


新疆风采18选7走势图GENJUTIANQIYUBAO,ZAIDAFENGXUEDAOLAIZHIQIAN,YINGJIAGAISHUANGCENGCAOSHAN,BINGZAICAOSHANSHANGJIAGAIFANGYUXUESULIAOBOMOHUOJIUPENGMO,FANGZHICAOSHANBEIYUXUEDASHIERJIANGDIQIBAOWENXIAOGUO,TONGSHIYILIYUJIXUEHUAXIA,BIAN YUQINGLI。RUYUDAXUE,HAIXUBUCHONGLIZHU,YIFANGYATAWENSHI。RUYULIANXUJIANGXUEYINGSUIXIASUIQINGSAO,BIMIANJIXUEGUOHOU;ZHONGXIAOXUEZAIXUEHOUYAOJISHIQINGSAOPENGMOJIXUEYUHUICHEN,BINGQINGCHUDIAOPENGSHIZHOUWEIDEJI XUE,QINGGOUPAISHUI,YUFANGRONGXUEWEIHAI。


9 JINXINGCHANGGUIZHONGZHIGUANLI


新疆风采18选7走势图DONGJIYANHANYUXUETIANQI,QIWENDI、GUANGZHAORUO,YIDAOZHISHUCAIFAYUBULIANG,YINCIYAOKEXUEDEYUNCHOUFEISHUI。SHOUXIANYAOZENGSHIYOUJIFEI、LINJIAFEI,HELIMIZHI,TIGAOZHIZHUDEKANGNIXING。DIWENGUAZHAOZHISHIGEN XIDEXISHOUNENGLIJIANRUO,YINCIYINGJIAQIANGYEMIANSHANGDEPENFEI,YIMIBUGENXIXISHOUDEBUZU,YIBANKEYEMIANPENSHI0.3%LINSUANERQINGJIAJIA0.3%XIAOSUANGAIYIJI1%DEPUTAOTANGYE。QICI,YAOYANGE SHUIDEGUANLI。ZUODAOYINTIANBUJIAOSHUI,JIUYINZHOUQINGBUJIAOSHUI,DANKECAIYONGYEMIANPENSADEFANGFAJINXINGBUSHUI;QINGTIANYAOJINLIANGHUANJIAOSHUI,JIAOXIAOSHUI,CAIYONGMOXIADIGUANHUOMOXIAGOUGUAN,YIMIANJIANGDIDIWEN;YOUTIAOJIAN HAIKEXUANZEYIXIECUGENDEYAOJIJINXINGGUANGEN,CUJINGENXIDEKUAISUHUIFU。JIAOSHUIHOUZHUYIZAIWENDUSHANGSHENGHOULIJITONGFENGJIANGSHI。

新疆风采18选7走势图10 JIAQIANGBINGCHONGHAIDEYUCEYUBAOHEZONGHEFANGZHIGONGZUO

新疆风采18选7走势图SHENDONGHUODIWENYUXUETIANQI,WENSHINEIKONGQISHIDUDA,YIYOUFABINGHAI,YINCIYINGZAIZHONGWUDUANSHIJIANTONGFENGPAISHI,KONGZHIBINGHAIDEFASHENG,TEBIEZHUYIWENSHINEI15℃~25℃WENDUFANWEIKONGQIXIANGDUISHIDUYINGKONGZHIZAI90%YIXIA,FABINGHOUKELIYONGYANWUJIHUOFENCHENJIJINXINGFANGZHI。


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